The cause of bipolar disorder is unknown. However, several factors are believed to be involved in causing and triggering episodes:
- Bipolar disorder is more common in people who have a blood relative (such as a sibling or parent) who has the condition
- Hormonal imbalances may cause or trigger bipolar disorder
- Imbalanced neurotransmitters (naturally occurring brain chemicals) may be a factor
- Extreme experiences such as abuse, a significant loss of a loved one, and other types of traumatic stress can cause or trigger bipolar disorder
Regardless of the causes or triggers, it's important to understand that bipolar disorder is manageable. Often, a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and support from friends and family can help you best manage your condition.